The world of technology is changing rapidly. As more and more jobs in the field become automated, workers are forced to adapt their skills to keep their employment. Here are five of the most popular, high-demand tech jobs that will be in demand over the next four years.
Artificial intelligence (AI) is a field of computer science that addresses the creation of intelligent machines. AI specialists build machines that can learn and make decisions based on information they gather from their environment.
An AI specialist does a lot of research to determine what data should be used by the machine and how it should be processed. They also design algorithms for the machine to follow to reach its goals.
Programming – The ability to write code in languages like C++ or Java, which are used by many operating systems.
Analysis – An understanding of how computers work at a basic level (e.g., knowing how memory works).
You've likely heard the term "data scientist" before, but what does it mean? A data scientist is a person who is a master of data, statistics, and machine learning. They're much in demand in many industries: major corporations like Uber and Airbnb have hundreds of data scientists on staff. Data scientists are needed to analyze data, build models, and make predictions. In addition to analyzing large amounts of information through machine learning tools like Python's sci-kit-learn or RStudio (for those who prefer Microsoft Excel), they also help their colleagues understand how they can take advantage of this information by putting together reports for clients that present key insights from their projects.
They often work alongside engineers and product managers to create new products based on the insights gleaned from their research into user behavior; for example, an engineer might design an application using the latest neural network technology while a product manager decides how best to market that app once it's completed—and then bring both parties together at certain points during development so everyone understands what each one does best!
Computer systems analysts are responsible for planning and coordinating information technology projects. They help to implement new computer systems, evaluate existing systems, and work with business leaders to find the best solutions for their organizations.
As a computer systems analyst, you'll need a bachelor's degree in computer science or information technology (IT). The median annual wage for these professionals in the United States, the average salary per year is $93,730.
As far back as the late 1990s, when the internet was just gaining momentum, web developers were in demand. And today there's no shortage of jobs for those who can communicate with code and build websites.
As a web developer, you'll be responsible for creating and maintaining websites by writing code that tells a browser how to display content on a webpage. You'll also need to be able to troubleshoot problems with your website or fix issues arising from other people's work on it.
This is a great position if you have an eye for problem-solving—and like being creative with technology!
Information security analysts protect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of an organization's information assets. This can be done through various means including encryption, firewalls and intrusion detection systems.
Information security analysts typically need a bachelor's degree in computer science or a related field (such as information technology) along with training courses in areas such as ethical hacking and penetration testing.
The median annual wage for information security analysts was $98,350 in 2018 (Bureau of Labor Statistics).
To become an information security analyst you'll need:
Many of the most lucrative tech jobs will involve more than just programming.
As technology evolves, the jobs that remain in demand will be those that require a wide range of skills. Programmers and developers who can also handle tasks like project management and bug testing are likely to be at an advantage over their peers.
With automation coming into play more frequently in the workplace, there's a need for workers who understand how machines think and how humans interact with them. A person able to solve problems without having to search through code is going to be highly sought after by employers as well.
It should be clear by now that the tech industry is experiencing a major transformation. Artificial intelligence, machine learning, and big data are no longer buzzwords floating around Silicon Valley but instead are being used to transform industries as diverse as healthcare and agriculture. This isn’t just about creating new products; it’s about using technology to solve some of society’s most pressing challenges.
If you want to dive into these specialties, check out our catalog of more than 50 tech titles to have a brief immersion into the topic. You can buy individual chapters and mix and match them together.